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Diabetic Nephropathy

Diabetic nephropathy is a type of kidney disease that occurs as a complication of diabetes. It is caused by damage to the blood vessels in the kidneys that filter waste and excess fluids from the blood, leading to decreased kidney function over time.

Symptoms of diabetic nephropathy may not appear until significant damage has already occurred and can include fatigue, nausea, swelling in the legs and feet, and difficulty sleeping. As the condition progresses, it can lead to high blood pressure, anemia, and an increased risk of infections.

Management of diabetic nephropathy involves controlling blood sugar levels through lifestyle changes, medications, and monitoring blood sugar levels regularly. Medications to control blood pressure and cholesterol levels may also be prescribed, as well as medications to manage complications such as anemia.

In advanced cases of diabetic nephropathy, kidney function may be severely impaired and may require dialysis or a kidney transplant. It is important for people with diabetes to work closely with their healthcare provider to manage the condition and reduce the risk of complications such as diabetic nephropathy. Regular monitoring of kidney function through blood and urine tests can help detect early signs of kidney damage, allowing for early intervention and management.
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